The Pondo are a South African ethnic group who have given their name to Pondoland, the country comprising much of the seaboard of the SE part of Cape Province. The Pondo are divided into several tribal groups and speak the Xhosa language.
The Pondo revolt (1960-1962) was the result of the resistance of the Pondo people against the implementation of the Bantu Authorities Act, part of the Apartheid legislation . Source
Pondo women wore decorative wigs or headdresses during the late 19th and 20th centuries. This wig is the combination of three separate articles, joining into the resulting elegant object.
Cords were made from plant fiber, ochre and beads then applied.