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August 12, 2009

Brazilian, Brazil

"Brazil (Portuguese: Brasil), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (Portuguese: República Federativa do Brasil), is a country in South America. The country has the largest population of African descent outside of Africa."

"Brazil obtained 37% of all African slaves traded, and close to 4 million slaves were sent to this one country. Starting around 1550, the Portuguese began to trade African slaves to work the sugar plantations once the native Tupi people deteriorated."

"The Africans brought to Brazil belonged to two major groups: the West African and the Bantu people. The West African people (previously known as Sudanese, and without connection with Sudan) were sent in large scale to Bahia. They mostly belong to the Ga, Adangbe, Yoruba, Igbo,Fon, Ashanti, Ewe, Mandinka, and other West African groups native to Guinea, Ghana, Benin, Guinea-Bissau and Nigeria. The Bantus were brought from Angola, Congo region andMozambique and sent in large scale to Rio de Janeiro, Minas Gerais, and the Northeastern Brazil."

"The blacks brought to Brazil were from different ethnicities and from different African regions. Gilberto Freyre noted the major differences between these groups. Some Sudanese peoples, such as Hausa, Fula and others were Islamic, spoke Arabic and many of them could readand write in this language. Freyre noted that many slaves were better educated than their masters, because many Muslim slaves wereliterate in Arabic, while many Portuguese Brazilian masters could not even read or write in Portuguese." Read more here / source

1 comment:

Claire said...

Nice photos representing african brazilians.


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